Simply use a 9mm drill bit and make a small hole in the bottom of your chosen water container. The hole needs to be just smaller than the threaded bit on the nipple. Self screw into the bottom of the container. Advisable to seal around with sealer. Using water nipples helps to reduce water spills where disease would live and breed under open water dishes.
Tips for training chooks onto nipples
The golden rule for teaching birds to use any type of new watering system like nipples is to remove all other sources of water! As long as they have what they are familiar with they will use it first and will never try something new. If their only choice is to drink from that new shiny metal thingy hanging under the pipe or bucket, it will only take one thirsty bird to try it and show everybody elsewhere to get a drink. To teach your birds to use the nipples remember the golden rule - remove all other sources of water!
When you have installed the new nipple system, simply gather your chooks around and show them by tapping the nipples with your fingers which cause water to leak. That will get their attention and they learn very quickly.
We recommend 3-4 chooks per nipple.
Water Nipple for Poultry and Rabbits
This nipple drinker is the best. It is clean, they can't walk or poop in it, it's easy to use, cheap, and lets me provide several days of clean cool water to my flock without stress. I placed mine into a 20 litre coloured bucket with a lid and keep it in the shade. No sunlight means no algae growth. 20 litres doesn't heat up, voila, happy chickies. They learnt to use it the second I demonstrated it to them with my finger.
I installed 3 nipples in a 5 litre empty molasses bottle. I sealed the nipples with paint to ensure they wouldn't leak. After demonstrating what to do to get water to one of my brighter Brown Shavers it was only a matter of an hour or so before they all had the hang of it. A lot less spillage and no algae or dirt being scratched into the water. The container has a screw on lid and lasts 4 to 6 days before needing a refill. Brilliant!"